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On This Day in History - 31st January


1797Franz Schubert, Austrian composer
1882Anna Pavlova, Celebrated Russian prima ballerina
1903Lord Soper, Methodist minister and left wing activist
1921Mario Lanza, American Tenor & film actor, who died suddenly aged 38
1931Christopher Chataway, Former British athlete & conservative MP
1938Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands
1951Phil Collins, Drummer and Rock singer
1966Alan Jaworskey, Of the Pop group 'Jesus Jones'


1606Guy Fawkes, the 'Gunpowder Plot', conpirator was executed
1867The four bronze lions at the base of Nelsons Column were completed
1958America launched its first satellite, Explorer I, from Cape Canaverel
1966Britain banned all trade with Rhodesia, Africa
1968The Island of Mauritius became independent of Britain
1983The film 'Ghandi' won five prizes at the Hollywood Golden Globe awards
1983A law came into force, making the wearing of seat belts in cars obligatory
1986The Greater London Council & six Metropolitan councils were abolished
1994German based BMW bought Rover cars from British Aerospace for 800 million
1995Extensive foolding struck much of Europe; Holland alone evacuated 100,000 people in danger